What are the major components of a VFD or VSD? How VFD/VSD works?

VFD - A variable frequency drive or Variable speed drive VSD is an electronic power unit which provides infinitely adjustable control of the speed of 3 phase AC motors by converting fixed mains voltage and frequency into variable quantities.

Provides infinitely adjustable control Has to be a 3 phase motor Converts frequency and voltage

Components of a VFD

Rectifier - Converts the alternating current (AC) input power to direct current (DC) power

DC link- Stores the DC power to be used by the converter. These are the capacitors that are typically in the back of VFD.

Converter - The IGBT (Inverse Gate Bipolar Transistor ) inverter is the heart of the converter component.It under direction of the control circuit provides the PWM (Pulse width Modulation) output of the motor,a controlled frequency and voltaage.

Control Circuit - This is where the programming takes place and controls all the working of the VFD the brains of the operation.

<img src="/uploads/default/original/1X/8209926ccf13ec414893c0743b0bc6a7f432af62.jpg" width=“500” height=“161” alt"Major Components of a VFD">

IGBT is Insulated-Gate Bipolar Transistor (not Inverse-Gate Bipolar Transistor).