What are the components of a burner?

Main Structure

This component makes up the burner’s primary framework and outline. It has a housing and accompanying components, and additional items for a functioning system are mounted on the primary structure.

Control System

This component of the product consists of switches for pressure or temperature, monitors for flames, controllers, servo mechanisms (motors, hydraulic cylinders), etc.

Burner Control unit:

The central component of burner control, which is similar to the burner’s brain, is responsible for gathering and triggering the signals of each action. This includes the process management controller known as the proportional regulator, the gas leak detector responsible for detecting valve leaks, etc.

Control systems are any electric servo motors and hydraulic cylinders with mechanical drives. The reason is because the former and the programme controller constitute a closed-loop control system, but the latter is powered by the oil pump and the controller actually triggers the instructions for its execution, which controls the opening and shutting of the damper.

Flame monitor:

This name is becoming more misunderstood as the common name in the industry, which only regulates the opening and closing by the flame signal in the controller category, deviates from the real function name; the actual flame may be observed. The photoresistor, photoelectric tube, and ion probe used to detect flame ions should all be referred to be controllers if they have the ability to independently switch on and off the power.

Pressure and temperature switch:

It should be referred to as a pressure or temperature sensor in the broadest sense. Among them, the gas switch and the air pressure switch are used to regulate the gas and the air pressure, respectively (if there is no forced air supply and the air pressure is created, the power of the entire machine is switched off). The majority of the time, temperature switches are used to regulate the heating temperature of fuels with high viscosities, such heavy oil or residual oil.

Ignition System:

High-voltage cables, ignition electrodes, and ignition transformers are all included in this component of the product. An item used to produce high-voltage current and discharge it via the electrode tip to light the burner is an ignition transformer and electrode.


In standard burners, the only component that need be connected to the power supply is the electric motor.

Fuel Supply System:

On the burner, this is one of the systems that is more difficult to understand. In point of fact, the mechanical components that are a part of this system are far more complex than the electrical components that are a part of the control system. Fuel pump, fuel nozzle, fuel heater, fuel cup, fuel pipe, fuel solenoid valve, gas valve (including gas solenoid valve), gas pressure regulator, gas filter.

Combustion system components:

The industry standard for the most technically advanced system. In point of fact, it does not matter how advanced the electrical products are that are responsible for the control or how advanced the oil pump is; the level of these technologies and methods has nothing to do with the capabilities of the burner manufacturer; rather, the design of the combustion system requires that they be self-reliant. of. Because of this, the capability of a burner is determined by the level of the combustion system. Combustion canister, impeller for forced air blower, flame plate, oil cannon, gas core tube and built-in or external diffuser are all components of this component of the product. A device for pre-mixing air and fuel is constituted by this component of the product.