By definition, a “network storm” (or “data storm”) is excessive transmission of network traffic. Network storms can be experienced on FTE (Fault Tolerant Ethernet) through a variety of reasons including, but not limited to the following: • Insertion of a network loop in the CF9, which is caused by the inappropriate insertion of a network cable from one CF9 to itself, or its redundant CF9 partner. • Insertion of a (similar) network loop in a CISCO switch. • Misconfiguration of a L1 or L2 CISCO switch. This action itself does not cause a storm, but can expose the control components to network storms from other portions of the plant network. • Installation of non-qualified, third party software on Experion Servers, Flex Stations or Console Stations can cause resource leaks on the PC which can lead to network storms.