Selection Of Thermowell
You need to find out answers for 3 questions for selecting correct thermowell .
1.What type of connection you are making to the process ?
Most common type of thermowell connections are
a)Threaded Applications of Threaded Thermowell- It is used where frequent removal is not required. It is commonly used in small pipes or vessels and Non-Corrosive media.
b)Flanged It is used applications where frequent removal is required. Common applications - Large Pipes,High Pressure,High Corrosion
c)Socket Welded These thermowells are welded directly to pipe or tank and it provide a high quality connection. Since they are welded it cannot be removed easily.It should be used only where access is not required and corrosion is not an issue. Common application - High Temperature,High Pressure,Non-corrosive media
d)Sanitary These thermowell has a smooth surface which is easy for cleaning.This prevents contamination of the process. Common application - Diary,Food processing,Pharmaceuticals
2.What is the best material of construction for the application?
Consider the following factors for selecting the correct material.
a) Temperature Limits of the material
b)Chemical Compatibility with the media
c)Compatibility with the process piping material
3.What is the best stem profile for the application?
a) Tapered Tapered Stem profile have good response time and good strength. Consideration - High Drag Force
b) Straight Advantages - High Strength Disadvantages - Slow response time,High Drag Force
c) Stepped Advantages - Low Drag Force,Fast Response Time, Disadvantages - Lower Strength,
Additional Consideration for thermowell Failures 1.High Drag Force 2.Excessive Static Pressure 3.High Temperature 4.Corrosion 5.Fluid-induced vibration