FM-200 Fire Suppression System: Advanced Fire Protection

What is an FM-200 system?

  • An FM-200 system, also known as HFC-227ea, is a type of fire suppression system designed to protect critical assets, spaces, and facilities from fires.
  • FM-200 is the brand name of a specific fire suppression agent, HFC-227ea, that is used in these systems.

What is FM-200 fire protection?

  • FM-200 fire protection involves the use of this synthetic gaseous agent, HFC-227ea, to quickly and effectively extinguish fires.
  • This agent is stored in high-pressure cylinders as a liquid and, when discharged, rapidly vaporizes into a gas.
  • The key feature of FM-200 is its ability to suppress fires by removing heat and interrupting the chemical reactions that sustain combustion.
  • It does so without leaving behind any residue or causing harm to humans or the environment.

What are the components of FM-200?

Components of FM-200 System:

FM-200 Agent:

  • FM-200 fire protection utilizes a clean, colorless, and odorless synthetic gaseous agent, HFC-227ea.
  • This agent is stored as a liquid in cylinders and, upon release, rapidly vaporizes to smother the fire.

Detection and Control System:

  • An essential component of the FM-200 system is its fire detection and control system.
  • This system includes heat and smoke detectors, control panels, and alarms. When a fire is detected, the control panel activates the release of the FM-200 agent.

Distribution Piping and Nozzles:

  • The FM-200 agent is distributed through a network of pipes and strategically placed nozzles to ensure even coverage and efficient fire suppression.


  • The FM-200 agent is stored in high-pressure cylinders, designed to withstand the pressure required for quick agent discharge.

Release Mechanism:

  • A release mechanism, often an electrical or pneumatic valve, opens to allow the FM-200 agent to flow into the protected area.

Where can FM-200 be used?

Applications of FM-200 Fire Protection:

FM-200 systems are versatile and find applications in a wide range of settings, including:

Data Centers

  • Data centers house critical and sensitive electronic equipment. FM-200 is ideal for protecting these facilities as it rapidly extinguishes fires without causing damage to the valuable equipment.

Telecommunication Facilities

  • Telecommunication rooms and hubs contain essential equipment and cables. FM-200 systems are used to safeguard these areas.

Server Rooms / Electrical and Control System Rooms

  • Similar to data centers, server rooms, Electrical and Control System Rooms require fire protection that doesn’t harm the equipment. FM-200 is a popular choice in these environments.

Museums and Archives

  • Cultural institutions rely on FM-200 to protect valuable artifacts and documents without the risk of water damage.


  • Research laboratories often contain chemicals and equipment sensitive to water. FM-200 is crucial for fire safety without damaging experiments.

Power Plants

  • Critical infrastructure like power plants use FM-200 systems to safeguard electrical and other equipment and control rooms.

Medical Facilities

  • Hospitals and medical facilities protect sensitive equipment and patient safety by using FM-200 systems.

Why FM-200 is Used?

FM-200 fire protection is preferred for several key reasons:

Fast Fire Suppression

  • FM-200 rapidly extinguishes fires by removing heat and inhibiting the chemical reactions that sustain combustion.
  • This speed is crucial for preventing significant damage and loss.

Clean Agent

  • FM-200 is a clean agent, leaving no residue or water behind.
  • This is essential in environments with sensitive equipment and materials where water damage is a concern.

Environmental Friendliness

  • It has a relatively low global warming potential, making it an environmentally responsible choice compared to some older fire suppression agents.

Human Safety

  • FM-200 is safe for humans at the recommended design concentrations, posing no immediate health risks.

Material Compatibility

  • It is compatible with a wide range of materials, ensuring the safety of assets and reducing the risk of collateral damage during a fire.